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Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia
May 19 2017

Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

Morning Report

Thank you Dr. John Hollowed for an excellent presentation on acute promyelocytic leukemia

Teaching Points

  • APL accounts for 5-20% of AML cases
  • Increased incidence in people with prior cytotoxic therapy
  • Presents with complications of pancytopenia, weakness, fatigue, infections, increased bruising/bleeding, DIC
  • Diagnosis: bone marrow analysis and confirmation with PCR, FISH, or cytogenic analysis
  • Treatment is All-trans Retinoic Acid (ATRA)
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Huntington’s Disease
May 15 2017

Huntington’s Disease

Morning Report

Presented by Dr. Liza Buchbinder

Moderated by Chief Resident

Thank you Dr. Liza Buchbinder for an excellent presentation on Huntington’s Disease

Teaching Points

  • Etiology: Autosomal dominant; Drug induced (antipsychotics, estrogen containing); Endocrine (thyrotoxicosis, hyperglycemia); pregnancy (chorea gravidarum); streptococcal infection (Sydenham chorea); autoimmune (SLE, APLS); neurodegenerative d/o of basal ganglia.
  • Associated w/ parkinsonism, impulsiveness, psychiatric disorders, and dementia.
  • Treatment is symptomatic
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TCA Induced Cardiotoxicity
Apr 03 2017

TCA Induced Cardiotoxicity

Morning Report

Presented by Dr. Daniel Jimenez

Moderated by Chief Residents

Thank you Dr. Daniel Jimenez for an excellent presentation on TCA induced cardiotoxicity Teaching Points Clinical presentation: anticholinergic sx (urinary retention, constipation), CNS (seizures, coma), acidosis, arrythmias ECG: prolonged QRS/PR/QT --> predisposes for ventricular arrhythmias) Management: supportive care, benzos for seizures,…

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Feb 13 2017

Neuropsychiatric Lupus

Morning Report

Excellent morning report today with Thomas Vu on Neuropsychiatric Lupus! Take a look at on the latest review on neuropsychiatric SLE: Management of Neuropsychiatric Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Current Approaches and Future Perspectives on PubMed

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Feb 01 2017

Disseminated Histoplasmosis

Morning Report

histo-microscopy

Thank you Dr. Brendan Cerk for an excellent presentation on neurocysticercosis presenting with new onset seizure

Teaching Points

  • Histoplasmosis is a common endemic mycosis, usually asymptomatic but occasionally results in severe illness
  • Hematogenous dissemination occurs during the acute infection before cellular immunity develops
  • Diagnosis: serum and urine antigen
  • Treatment: itraconazole for 12 months, if CNS then liposomal amphotericin B for 4-6 weeks then itrazonazole for an additional 12 months
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Neurocysticercosis
Jan 30 2017

Neurocysticercosis

Morning Report

Thank you Dr. Rajat Suri for an excellent presentation on neurocysticercosis presenting with new onset seizure

Teaching Points

  • Initial treatment for seizure: IV lorazepam 0.1mg/kg –> IV fosphenytoin –> sedation/intubation
  • Neurocysticercosis  is caused by Taenia Solium
  • Spreads hematogenously to the brain, liver, muscle
  • Diagnosis: presentation+imaging.  serum testing not reliable
  • Treatment: dexamethasone, albendazole, anti-epileptic
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Jan 25 2017

Acute Esophageal Variceal Bleed

Morning Report

esophageal_varices_by_ink95-d9f81u1

Thank you Dr. Kirollos Zaki for an excellent presentation on UGIB from esophageal varices

Teaching Points

  • Management of GI bleed
    • fluids, goal hg>7, plt >50, INR<1.5.
    • protonix drip if UGIB, add octreotide drip if concern for variceal bleed
  • Endoscopy
    • variceal ligation: using banding, goal is within 12 hours
    • sclerotherapy: usueally epi is used, similar results as ligation but high rebleeding risk
  • TIPS
    • Indications: active hemorrhage despite endoscopic treatment or recurrent bleed
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Oct 28 2016

Pulmonary Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Morning Report

1

Thank you Dr. Annie Belzowski for an excellent presentation of pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma complicated by pulmonary abscess

Teaching Points

  • Common causes of pulmonary abscess:
    • Bacterial: Anaerobic bacteria, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Mycobacteria
    • Fungal: Aspergillus, Coccidioides, Histoplasma, Blastomyces, Cryptococcus
    • Non-infectious: malignancy, embolism, vasculitis, scarcoidosis
  • Clindamycin preferred agent, time course dependent on follow up imaging
  • Common forms of lung cancer: adenocarcinoma (40%), small cell (15%), squamous cell (30%)
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